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15th century

Artworks 1 to 10 of 23:

The Coronation of the Virgin with the Trinitys

by Master of Rubielos de Mora, 1400

Medium
Oil on panel
Dimensions
Framed: 158.4 x 101.5 x 9.5 cm (62 3/8 x 39 15/16 x 3 3/4 in.); Overall: 144.6 x 91.4 cm (56 15/16 x 36 in.)
Location
Cleveland Museum of Art

Saint John the Baptist and Saint Barbara

by Lluís Borrassà, circa 1411–1413

Medium
Tempera on panel
Dimensions
87.4 x 89.8 x 8.2 cm
Credits
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Alpheus Hyatt Purchasing Fund
Location
Harvard Art Museums

Historiated Initial from a Gradual

by Master of the Cypresses, circa 1430–1440

Medium
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink
Dimensions
Leaf: 36 × 31.5 cm (14 3/16 × 12 3/8 in)
Notes
At the core of this manuscript leaf is an ornate decorative initial, a lavish letter "K" that serves as a visual ode to the virtue of Caritas, or love. The illustration depicts Charity as a richly attired woman, symbolizing the divine nature of God's love. The initial is intricately adorned with elaborate patterns and flourishes, a hallmark of the style associated with the Master of the Cypresses (active in the 1430s), an artist renowned for ornate design. Believed to be the work of Pedro de Toledo (active in 1434), who was documented as an artist at Seville Cathedral during the 1430s, de Toledo was bestowed the title of "Master" by art historian Diego Angulo Íñiguez (1901–1986) in 1428. Set against a deep blue backdrop, the letter "K" gleams resplendently in gold, with its intricate curves and lines meticulously rendered. Within the letter, two figures locked in an intimate embrace symbolize profound love and unwavering devotion. Caritas, or Charity, holding a crucifix in her right hand, tenderly extends a singular gold coin to the beggar before her. The intersecting geometric lines elegantly connect three essential elements of the Trinity: Charity's heart, the beggar's staff, and Christ's wound, symbolizing divine salvation through God's boundless charity.
Location
J. Paul Getty Museum

Enthroned Virgin and Child with Personifications of the Virtues of Temperance, Fortitude, Justice, and Prudence

by Bernat Martorell, circa 1434–1437

Medium
Egg tempera and tooled gold on oak panel
Dimensions
60 3/4 × 42 1/4 in (154.3 × 107.3 cm)
Credits
John G. Johnson Collection, 1917
Location
Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Crucifixion

by Blasco de Grañén, 1440–1445

Medium
Tempera on panel
Dimensions
Overall: 55 3/4 x 39 3/8 in (141.61 x 100.01 cm)
Credits
© Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Photo by Travis Fullerton
Location
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

The Birth of the Virgin

by Jaume Mateu, circa 1450

Medium
Tempera and tooled gold on panel
Dimensions
31 × 22 3/4 in (78.7 × 57.8 cm)
Credits
John G. Johnson Collection, 1917
Location
Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Lamentation

by Rodrigo de Osona the Elder, circa 1465

Medium
Oil and gold on panel
Dimensions
16 3/8 x 18 5/8 in (41.6 x 47.3 cm)
Credits
John G. Johnson Collection, 1917
Location
Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Agony in the Garden

by Rodrigo de Osona the Elder, circa 1465

Medium
Oil and gold on panel
Dimensions
16 3/4 x 18 3/4 in (42.5 x 47.6 cm)
Credits
John G. Johnson Collection, 1917
Location
Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Crucifixion and Madonna and Child Enthroned with Angels

by Juan Rexach, circa 1465–1470

Medium
Tempera and gold leaf on panel
Dimensions
68-1/2 x 38-1/2 in (174.0 x 97.8 cm)
Credits
The Norton Simon Foundation
Location
Norton Simon Museum

The Arrest of Santa Engracia

by Bartolomé Bermejo, circa 1474–1477

Medium
Oil
Dimensions
38 1/4 in x 21 3/16 in (97.16 cm x 53.82 cm)
Location
San Diego Museum of Art